- Student Work
The largest of the Caribbean islands, Cuba is situated between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. The country is made up of 15 provinces, and its capital and the most populous city is Havana, or “Habana” in Spanish.
The geographic coordinates of Cuba are 21°30 N, 80°00 W.2 The country has a total area of 110 860 km2 of which more than 99% island. As is common, the territorial sea claim extends 12 nautical miles from Cuba’s shores. The country has an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles, which is negotiated at relevant intersections between the surrounding countries.3
Cuba was discovered by Christopher Columbus and the European empire, in 1492. Over the following centuries, Cuba developed as a Spanish colony until gaining independence. During its colonial years, Havana became the departure point for ships travelling to Spain from Mexico and Peru. In 1898 Cuba gained independence from Spain, and three and a half years later freed itself from American rule in 1902.4
The publisher needs to declare that this article doesn‘t want to negate the fact, that certainly there was a pre-colonial society.